Hyperglycemia and Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Elevated blood sugars are not good for your body and prolonged exposure to high blood
sugars can have devastating affects on your organs (specifically your heart, kidneys, and
eyes). Recognizing the signs of high glucose levels and testing regularly can help to keep
you aware and in control of this important part of being a diabetic.

The symptoms that indicate your blood sugar is too high are the same signs that you
might recognize from when you were first diagnosed with diabetes – an extreme thirst,
frequent urination, and a feeling of lethargy. The good news is that once you are aware
of how your body reacts to high blood sugar you can act more quickly because you know
what is going on with your body.

If you are sick or are taking certain medications your blood glucose levels could be
higher than normal. It is important to advise your pharmacist that you are diabetic when
you are picking up your prescription. They can advise you of the side effects you can
expect and what you should do about them if anything.

If your blood sugar is high everyday at the same time it may be a signal that your body
needs more insulin. If you are comfortable adjusting your own dosage do so in small
increments. If you are not comfortable a call in to your doctor or diabetes educator is in
order and they can advise you on any adjustments that you will need to make.

In addition, review what you have eaten recently. If you have tried a new food or have
been less active lately or you have eaten a food high in carbohydrates that is probably the
reason for the high blood sugar readings. Once you know the reason for the high blood
sugars you can do something to fix it and prevent it from happening again.